News – New regulation found after the CAMbrella deliveries:
Italy: May 5, 2014 new regulation on acupuncture.
Turkey: October 27, 2014 new law on Regulations for Traditional and Complementary Medicine Practice.
Portugal: September 2, 2013 new regulations on Acupuncture.
Notice! All text below is copied from the CAMbrella report – delivered Dec 31, 2012
Acupuncture is mostly regulated as a treatment that may or may not be provided by regulated health professionals or other CAM practitioners.
- 2 countries (Malta and Switzerland) have a regulated profession named “acupuncturist”, which for both countries is registered in the EU database for regulated professions.
- In some countries acupuncture treatment may be provided in conventional healthcare (also in hospitals).
- 24 countries have acupuncture treatment regulations.
- Some countries have clear regulations about who may treat patients with acupuncture and educational minimum standards. Other countries have more general regulations.
In about half of the countries only doctors may provide acupuncture treatment. In many of these countries only doctors with specific acupuncture training may practise. In countries with acupuncture regulations there is a mixture of regulations for regulated health professionals and CAM practitioners with or without medical education and CAM training. In some countries regulation is delegated to the professional associations. Some countries use the terminology “medical acupuncturist” (Germany) or “additional medical qualification” for doctors or other regulated health professionals (like physiotherapists, nurses, midwives). We have listed these as regulations for acupuncture treatment, not as a regulated profession.
13 countries have no specific acupuncture regulations. However, 3 of those countries (Albania, Iceland, Norway) have CAM general legislation that influences acupuncture treatment. And most of the countries have conventional health regulations that influence the practice of acupuncture (like health professionals act or law on health care). It is difficult to compare the countries, and hardly any similarities have been found in the regulations or standards of education and training for practitioners providing acupuncture treatment.
Go directly to the regulation of acupuncture in a specific country:
Albania - Austria – Belgium –Bosnia and Herzegovina – Bulgaria – Croatia – Cyprus – Czech Republic – Denmark – Estonia – Finland – France - Germany – Greece– Hungary – Iceland – Ireland – Israel – Italy - Latvia – Liechtenstein – Lithuania – Luxembourg – Macedonia – Malta – Montenegro – Netherlands – Norway – Poland – Portugal – Romania – Serbia – Slovakia – Slovenia – Spain – Sweden – Switzerland – Turkey – United Kingdom