Osteopathy has been a recognised profession since 2002 (Article 75 de la Loi 2002-303 du 4 mars 2002) and in 2007 the title ‘osteopathe’ became a protected title (Décret 2007-435 du 25 mars 2007).
Chiropractic is regulated in France. Ministerial Decree No.
Balneotherapy (bath, spa) is considered as a part of conventional treatment and offered in
No specific regulation has been found on TCM.
No specific regulation has been found on neural therapy.
The profession of naturopathy belongs to the category "Self-employed".
No specific regulation has been found on naprapathy.
Massage therapy is not regulated, but offered in hospitals and provided only by other medical practitioners (113).
Homeopathy is officially recognized as a therapy since 1965 when it was incorporated in the French Pharmacopoeia.
No specific regulation has been found on herbal medicine/phytotherapy.
No specific regulation has been found on ayurvedic medicine in France (113).
Anthroposophic medicine is offered by MDs or regulated health personnel (113). There is no national regulation of anthroposophic medicine in France.
Acupuncture is regulated by law in France, is offered in hospitals and provided by doctors, midwives and veterinarians (113).