What is CAM Regulation? | Cam-Regulation

What is CAM Regulation?

Welcome to CAM Regulation; a website based on the CAMbrella project and report from 2012. Here, you will find facts about the legislation throughout Europe on complementary and alternative medicine (CAM).


In short, the legislation and regulation of the CAM field is broad and complex, and differs highly from one country to the other: 

”Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) is, in Europe, regulated either as conventional, complementary or alternative medicine, or not regulated at all. CAM regulation is, however, different in each of the 39 European countries included in the CAMbrella WP2 survey. Consequently, an essential question is; What are the patient safety implications of the European disharmonious landscape of health regulation?”

Wiesener S. Disharmonized regulation of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) in Europe – Implications for patients safety [Master thesis]. University of Stavanger; 2013 

On this website, you will find information about the different countries’ legislation, educational and qualifying thresholds for practicing CAM, professional title protection status, standardization of treatments and registration demands for professionals. 

For educational purposes, the website also includes several maps and overviews, both regarding the general CAM legislation on a meta level, as well as treatment and country specific maps. From the front page, you may filter information based on treatment and country, to rapidly finding specific information you are looking for (ex. Acupuncture in Hungary).  

The website seeks to provide answers to the following questions: 

  • Which therapies are considered and regulated as CAM in a given European/EU country? 
  • How is a specific CAM treatment regulated in a European/EU country? 
  • Is CAM treatment reimbursed or not? 
  • What are the legal conditions for CAM providers in a given European/EU country? 
  • What are the acts and regulations as well as national educational and training requirements for CAM practitioners in a given European/EU country – if any. 
  • Which health conditions are illegal for CAM providers to treat – if any. 

This website is owned and operated by NAFKAM – Norway’s National Research Centre on Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Since 2012, NAFKAM has updated the site with known changes in CAM legislation for all countries that were included in the CAMbrella report.

NAFKAMs mission is to generate and disseminate unbiased, research-based knowledge about CAM to help people make well-informed choices for their own health. With this website, we aim to provide systematic, searchable and unbiased information about the regulation of CAM in Europe; primarily to enable European citizens to make informed and safe choices when they travel and seek CAM treatment abroad. We also aim at facilitating knowledge for policy makers, and for CAM practitioners considering establishing themselves outside their home country.

CAM Regulation is hosted by NAFKAM

Norway's National Research Center in Complementary and Alternative Medicine

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